Food

QUICK PASTA WITH VEGETABLE SAUCE

 

Pasta is generally a simple dish, but it comes in many varieties due to its versatility. Pasta is also prepared in light lunches, such as salads or large portion sizes for dinner. It can be prepared by hand or food processor and served hot or cold. Pasta sauces vary in taste, color, and texture. When choosing which type of pasta and sauce to serve together, there is a general rule regarding compatibility. Simple sauces like pesto are ideal for long and thin strands of pasta while tomato sauce combines well with thicker pasta.

Talking about Thicker and Chunkier Sauces, they have the better ability to cling onto the holes and cuts of short, tubular, twisted pasta. The extra sauce left on the plate after all of the pasta has been eaten is often mopped up with a piece of bread.

In cooking terms, a sauce is liquid, cream or semi-solid food served on or used in preparing other foods. Sauces are not normally consumed by themselves; they add flavor, moisture, and visual appeal to another dish. A sauce is a French word taken from the Latin salsa, meaning salted.

So in today’s article, I will be discussing on how to make a quick pasta with a vegetable sauce. You know, each traditional pasta dish is defined by a specific kind of pasta, a specific cooking style and a specific sauce or condiment. There are a large number of evolutions and variants of the traditional dishes. Pasta is also often used as a complementary ingredient in some soups, but these are not considered pasta dishes.

This tomato sauce comes together quickly and beats bottled sauce by a mile with less fat, less sodium, and more flavor.

Sit tight and relax while we move on to the article.

 

RECIPES

  1. 3 canned plum tomatoes (peeled)
  2. 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • 1 teaspoon olive oil
  1. 2 teaspoon chopped fresh basil or parsley
  2. 1 clove garlic (minced)
  3. 6-ounce medium shell pasta
  • ½ cup frozen green beans
  • 2/3 cup frozen corn
  1. 1 tablespoon crumbled feta cheese
  2. ¼ cup sweet red pepper (well seeded and chopped)

 

PROCEDURES

  1. In a clean food processor or blender, add together the tomatoes, lemon juice, and the olive oil, process all till they become smooth.
  2. Now is the time to add the garlic, the basil or parsley, process them using the turn on/off button just until the mixture is well combined, set aside.
  3. In a clean large saucepan of boiling water, cook the pasta for about 5minutes, when this is done, add the green beans and cook for 2minutes, after that add the corn and pepper and cook for 1minutes or till the pasta is well cooked and all other vegetables added are crisp-tender.
  4. Drain well and transfer it into a large bowl (remember anything you are using in cooking must all be washed and clean to avoid sands in the meal).
  5. Add the tomato mixture and the feta cheese, toss to combine. After that, it is ready for consumption.

SERVINGS PER RECIPE: 2

HINT

This dish can be packed in an airtight container and served cold as a pasta salad. This pasta dish can be accompanied with Garlic Bread Sticks and Melba Toast, in order to give it a savory taste.

 

Enjoy This Mouth Watery Dish! Happy Cooking. See You All Next Week

Don’t Forget to Visit Our New Website www.foodieafricana.com

Enjoy Your Weekends.

Foodie Update, Naija Foodie Update

FOODIE UPDATE (Why we should stop eating wheat foods)

We will take a brief vacation today from the ongoing running series on CHRONIC INSOMNIA AND TRAINLOAD OF TROUBLES, which has run in two parts. The series is yielding ground to two publications, which have been making the rounds in many chat groups on the social media, including some of the friendship groups to which I belong.

When I first read about the dangers of eating wheat, I almost responded like a Doubting Thomas. Wheat?, I wondered. We have eaten wheat since goodness knows when! Until the Nigerian bread market became fraudulent, mixing white flour with wheat flour and passing it off as whole wheat flour and bread, I ate wheat bread for breakfast almost everyday. The shocking discovery is that man has now done to wheat what they have done, and are doing, to other food crops, modifying them from the way Mother Nature gave us these food crops and transforming them into states that would make them grow faster, more resistant to infections, keep longer and yield more money in the market. Quite naturally, the transformation alters, also, the natural ratios in which the constituents co-exist, and yield new radiations which the body now has to adapt to.

The second article, on asparagus, a long-known kidney cleansing herb, is considered for a mention in this column in the state in which it has been lifted from the social media because it may have, as suggested, an important role to play in the cure of cancer and other diseases which plague us today not only in Nigeria but worldwide.

My apologies go to the authors of these articles and to other original sources, which may have been lost through posting and reposting on the social media. Because of this it is not possible to give them their due credit for the publication. Nevertheless, I thought of republishing them because it is the wish of this authors and sources that this be done because of the health they believe doing so will afford the health of humanity

Foodie Naija Update, Foodie Naija Updates, Foodie Naja Update, Foodie Update

FOODIE UPDATE (Ethiopia denies emergency food aid will run out within weeks)

Ethiopia has denied suggestions by UN officials that it will run out of emergency food aid for millions of people by the end of this month.

The UN’s World Food Programme said 7.8 million people affected by drought would be left without food assistance.

But Ethiopian officials put the number of those affected at 1.7 million and said they would receive new help either from donors or the government.

Ethiopia has been struggling following successive failed rains.

Famine has been declared in South Sudan, and there have been warnings of famine in north-east Nigeria, Yemen and Somalia.

Ethiopia’s commissioner for disaster risk management Mitiku Kassa said: “It’s true that in some areas food will run out by the end of the month but this will only affect around 1.7 million people.

“We expect the donor community to step in to fill that gap and we are hopeful. But if they fail to do that, we will have to use some of our development budget to provide emergency assistance to our people.”

  • Can Ethiopia cope with worst drought in decades?

Earlier reports suggested that the Ethiopian government did not have the funds to cope by itself, although analysts have acknowledged it has got better at coping with droughts than in previous years.

The government allocated $381m (£300m) extra over the last two years, but aid experts have questioned whether this can be sustained for a third year.

Ethiopia is in a “dire situation”, according to John Aylieff of the World Food Programme.

“We’ve got food running out nationally at the end of June,” he told reporters on Friday.

“That means the 7.8 million people who are in need of humanitarian food assistance in Ethiopia will see that distribution cut abruptly at the end of June.”

His words were echoed by John Graham, of Save the Children

He told AFP news agency: “After [the food runs out], we don’t know what is going to happen. And without that basic food then you will have problem falling into severe malnutrition because people are not getting any food.

“These children become severely malnourished and that’s where you have a very dangerous situation.

Foodie Naja Update, Foodie Update

FOODIE UPDATE (Free Range Poultry Production Rising in Zimbabwe)

ZIMBABWE – The growing interest in indigenous foods by many Zimbabweans could be the break that local free-range poultry farmers have been waiting for in a market that has been dominated by hybrids.Over the past five years or so, numerous traditional food eateries have been opened, while hotels have been putting traditional dishes on their menu. This has served to push demand even in supermarkets as some people prefer to cook for themselves at home instead of spending a small fortune on one meal.

Such is the rising popularity for meals that include free-range chicken, guinea fowl, turkey, rabbit and duck meat to go along with traditional starches such as isitshwala samabele (sorghum) and brown rice.

While almost every household in rural areas has always kept free-range chickens for food and a few have sold a bird here and there to help raise money for use around the home, commercial free-range chicken production is a fairly new concept in most areas, according to Chronicle.

This has led to the rise of organisations such as the Zimbabwe Free-range Poultry Producers’ Association that seeks to help farmers take up free-range farming as a way to grow financial and food self-sufficiency in line with tenets of Zim-Asset.

ZFRPPA secretary general Beauty Jiji says free-range poultry farming can empower women and youths to produce enough to feed themselves and the nation thus creating employment as well as food self-sufficiency.

“Free range birds are natural, healthy and tastier than broiler chickens. So while broilers and layers are easier to produce, free-range products can competitively enter the market if given the chance,” she said.

Free-ranging is simple and economically viable when it comes to feeding and Ms Jiji’s organisation has been recruiting and training farmers on rearing free-range birds and other animals such as rabbits, goats and cattle. Farmers have also been taught cheap and easy ways to prepare feed for their birds.

Free range chickens can feed on a normal diet of grass, worms and bugs as they are allowed to freely roam about and access sunshine for long stretches of time each day. Enough time to source their daily protein is a requirement to ensure optimal growth.

There are, however plenty of others foods that free-range birds can feed on, which include small grains such as millet, sorghum and ground maize as well as fish meal, cotton seed, sunflower cake, maize germ and bone meal.

These are foods that farmers can grow and prepare on their own at minimum cost, and therefore, are affordable to rural farmers. Experts say farmers can actually produce enough small grains to feed themselves as well as their chickens thus reducing their food bill while reaping their nutritional benefits.

While most members of ZFRPPA are still producing on a small scale, Ms Jiji says there are some members who now have more than 3000 birds and have sourced markets for their produce.

The problem however has been maintaining a consistent supply once a market is found.

“We have the opportunity to supply the local market. Last year we got a deal to supply a local supermarket but we could not go back because our farmers failed to consistently supply the agreed number of chickens every week,” said Ms Jiji.

She said there is need to change the mindset of women and youths who are practicing free-range farming so that they understand how commercial production works.

“Once we have organised ourselves, we can then start to produce seriously and be able to meet demand consistently,” she added.

Foodie Naja Update, Foodie Update, Naija Foodie Update

FOODIE NAIJA UPDATE (Blockchain seen as tool in food safety)

The food industry is turning to the same technology used by virtual currencies to strengthen food safety and inventory management by tracking meats and crops from farm to table.Working with IBM, retail giant Wal-Mart Stores is testing the technology system on mangos in the United States and pork in China.

Blockchain, the underlying technology behind virtual currency bitcoin, is a digital system that allows counter parties to transact using individual codes for goods.

“I see a lot of potential to create what I call a digital and transparent food system,” said Wal-Mart food safety vice president Frank Yiannas.

The technology enables different parties in the supply chain to share details such as the date an animal was slaughtered or the weather conditions at harvest time.

Data can be stored through a photograph on a smartphone that is transmitted onto a dedicated platform.

The system also can also counter fraud and mistaken deliveries, champions of the technology say.

“The advantage of blockchain is that the ledger is immediately updated and all the parties have access to the latest information,” said Bill Fearnley, Jr. an expert at market intelligence firm IDC.

Supporters of blockchain are especially keen to address salmonella and other food safety problems that can cause health scares that weigh on corporate reputation and damage sales.

The technology allows a more efficient response if there is a problem, enabling companies to locate the source of an incident more quickly, Yiannas said.

He pointed to a 2006 case where it took hundreds of investigators and two weeks to identify the source of bad spinach under a paper-based system.

But blockchain “reduces tracing from days to seconds,” Yiannas said. “The more accurately you can track food, the better.”

Demand for transparency

The other great virtue of blockchain is enhanced transparency by letting consumers look up key information on where food comes from, an asset amid growing concerns about genetically-modified crops and artificial ingredients.

That additional transparency also can help promote more desirable practices.

British online startup Provenance used blockchain technology to test tuna caught in Indonesia to help corroborate claims the fish were responsibly caught.

The technology also has been embraced by companies in the jewelry business to fight the sale of so-called “conflict diamonds,” which come from war-torn regions.

“Our goal is to provide transparency at every step of a diamond’s journey and ultimately re-shape the way we trade diamonds globally,” said Leanne Kemp chief executive of Everledger, a British company that tracks diamonds from the mines to jewelry stores.

But to completely function as a system, all the parties need to participate, Fearnley said.

Danish shipping giant Maersk estimates the technology could save billions of dollars by eliminating fraud and incorrect deliveries. It is testing the technology with container ships between Kenya and the Netherlands.

But the transition will require investment. A refrigerated product raised in Africa and shipped to Europe requires at least 30 people with some 200 interactions among parties, including customs, taxes, and food safety oversight.

Food, Soup, Soup

EFERE INE (NATIVE FISHERMAN SOUP)

Hello esteemed readers, welcome back.
I will be delving back to the Efik Dishes in today’s article. Sit back and relax while i take you down to it.

Efik dishes are mainly foods from the rivers that characterize their very existence. All Efik clans and sub-clans are located by river banks or creeks and so their nutritional culture derives from the seas. Their source of protein is mainly from the fish though most times from meat captured both from waters and forests. The fish sources range from shelled fishes of all kinds including periwinkles, mussels, oysters and clams; crustaceans like shrimps, lobsters and prawns, to a variety of species of fish like catfish, flatfish, scaled fish and the like
This soup is a creation of a fisherman (Oko Iyak) in the creeks. Ine is a shack where the fishermen stay while on their fishing expedition. These men could leave their homes for several weeks at a time. They usually stay to smoke some of the fish and shrimps in preparation for the market. Out there, they survive on sea food.
Though it does not really matter the kind of fish you use, be it cat fish, crocker or so as long as it is fresh fish. Like mine I used the Shinny nose type of fish (Edeng). This is the king of all fishes (Obong Iyak) for we Efiks. according to some, this fish was eaten by the affluent back in the day. It was expensive and very scarce unlike the cat fish (Inanga) that was a staple in most houses. Edeng is still expensive and usually sells out fast. My mom grand mom spent most of her at the beach (Esuk) in the village when some fishermen docked with the day’s catch. She would buy some and bring back home each time I go visiting she would then prepare this soup for all to eat. The price usually doubles at the fish market in Calabar.

RECIPES
i. Shrimp (Ndek Obu)
ii. Shinny Nose Fish (Edeng)
iii. Clams (Nkob)
iv. Fresh Pepper (Ndek Ntokon)
v. Onions (Oyim)
vi. Fresh Curry Leaf (Iko)
vii. Water for steaming and cooking (Mmong)
viii. Crab (Nkongo)
ix. Perewinkle (Usosioho Mfi)

PROCEDURES

1. Cut the fish in medium size, ensure to remove the fins and the gills, after that wash it with clean water before using hot or warm water to wash it thoroughly and rinse with clean water before adding it to a clean sauce pan.

2. Finely clean up the shrimp and clams for free eating, wash and add in the sauce pan of the fish then season with pepper, onions, salt, after that steam for about 5minutes. After that remove from heat. Separate the broth and set aside.

3. Heat the palm oil for about a minute or less, add the fish into the hot oil, add more pepper, clams and shrimps, then add the broth and allow to simmer for 5minutes.

4. If the broth is not enough add some more water or little water depending on the quantity you need. Taste to know if the seasonings are enough, if they are not add more pepper and salt to taste. But if the taste is ok allow it. After this, add a stem of Iko (fresh curry) for the aroma. Iko is fantastic aroma for sea food dishes.

Hint:

You don’t need too much water in this soup. The idea is for the person eating it to be able to grab chunks of fish and other sea foods for every ball of eba. that is the only way you can enjoy it.

Efere Ine is simple to prepare. You basically just need fresh fish, palmoil and your spices. Or you can throw in whatever seafood that you fancy.

Happy new month all. see you next week.

Foodie Update

FOODIE UPDATE (What Is The Best Food And Drink To Help Students Focus?).

I t’s heads-down revision time for exams and dissertations. The pressure’s on, so you’ll want all the help you can get to aid your memory and raise your grades (without smart drugs or cheating). Nutrition experts say that eating well can make a real difference to your revision regime – so what brain-boosting food and drink do they recommend?How much caffeine is too much?

Coffee, green tea and energy drinks are staples of the all-night library stint. But how much caffeine is too much?

“Caffeine – particularly coffee – can have numerous benefits extending to cardiovascular health, insulin sensitivity,

prevention of type 2 diabetes and acting as a potent antioxidant,” says nutritional therapist Daniel O’Shaughnessy. “However, while caffeine may make you more alert, individuals can build up a tolerance meaning this is short-lived. Caffeine can also increase blood sugar and eventually lead to dips causing lack of focus and energy.”

“It’s also worth bearing in mind that people react differently to caffeine,” says nutritional therapist Joanne Crovini. It has the potential to increase levels of the stress hormone cortisol. “Some people can drink it at midnight and go straight to sleep, whereas other people get teeth clenching and feelings of anxiety after a small amount.”

Most adults can tolerate single doses of caffeine up to 200mg and a daily intake of up to 400mg without any concerns, nutrition scientist Sarah Coe says; a mug of instant coffee is around 100mg and a cup of tea is 75mg of caffeine. “Remember that energy drinks and some soft drinks contain caffeine too, and coffee from a coffee shop may be stronger than coffee made at home. As broad advice I’d say stop drinking caffeine by 2pm and have a maximum of two cups of coffee or equivalent a day, but be aware of your own reaction to it.”

Wholegrains

Wholegrain foods will stave off hunger (advice on cooking some of them can be found here). Examples include porridge and wholemeal bread. Crovini explains that combining wholegrain with protein will help keep blood sugar levels balanced, which is essential for mood and concentration.

O’Shaughnessy agrees. Buying grains in bulk with your housemates is a great way to save money, as is avoiding the more overpriced “fad” grains, he says. “Brown rice, oats and buckwheat are good, cheap alternatives,” he says, adding that the high levels of magnesium in buckwheat also helps to calm nerves.

Nuts and berries

Berries and nuts are a convenient snack that pack a nutritional punch. “Blueberries, like many dark coloured fruits and vegetables, have a high antioxidant content, which is thought to protect the brain from oxidative damage and slow age-related decline,” explains Crovini. Frozen berries are usually cheap, last longer and don’t lose their nutrients when frozen. Less healthy are flavoured and coated nuts, which contain added oil, salt and sugars.

Ditch the supplements

Doctors often recommend taking vitamin supplements to top up on the nutrients you need – but these can be expensive. Fortunately, they’re not the only option. “Food should always come before supplements and the key to getting as many nutrients as possible is to eat as varied a diet as possible, with lots of different colours,” says Crovini. “Use frozen berries and dark green vegetables like savoy cabbage, which are reasonably priced.”

Coe agrees: it’s better to get everything you need from food and drink: “For example, oranges not only contain vitamin C [which boosts the immune system] but also fibre and other components that you can’t get packaged together in a tablet.”

Dark chocolate

Dark chocolate has a mild effect on

increasing blood flow and reducing blood pressure, due to the polyphenol content, says Crovini. “It’s also a good source of magnesium, which is an essential mineral for relaxation.”

O’Shaughnessy recommends choosing chocolate that’s 80% or more in cacao to avoid any negative effects to teeth, skin and weight. The darker the chocolate, the less sugar in it.

Water

A recent study by the University of East London and University of Westminster found that keeping hydrated can boost attention by almost 25%. “We found that drinking even a really small amount of water (25 ml) resulted in improved performance on a test of attention,” says Dr Caroline Edmonds, who co-authored the research. Drinking 300 ml improves memory performance and can improve your mood as well.

The experts’ recommended library lunch.

Base your lunch on starchy foods, particularly wholegrain varieties, Coe says. Sandwiches, wraps and bagels are quick and easy to prepare, or you could use leftovers from the night before to make a pasta, rice or couscous salad.

Grainy salads with canned fish and vegetables are good if you don’t fancy bread. Tinned mackerel with beetroot, roasted sweet potato cubes, lots of green leaves like rocket or watercress and some pumpkin seeds, are ideal, Crovini says. Or try canned salmon with brown rice, canned chickpeas, chopped cucumber and tomato.

For sweetness, you’ll want the usual healthy stuff: a small pot of natural yogurt with either an apple, some berries or a chunk of dark chocolate.

Don’t skip meals, Crovini adds. Eating regularly will help keep blood sugar balanced and feed the brain with the fuel it needs.

Foodie Update

FOODIE UPDATE (Is In-flight food a health risk? let’s see)

You may have drooled over all those advertisements from many airlines that tout how tantalising their in-flight meals are – but are these promises just a flight of imagination on the airlines’ part?

A new book, Gastrophysics: The New Science Of Eating, has come out to back what many travellers have come to believe and tolerate – airline food is just edible, but is nothing much to write home about on a postcard supplied by the airline.

But they may not have known that the underwhelming in-flight meals are also a health risk as they have more calories.

“The lower cabin air pressure, dry cabin air and the loud engine noise all contribute to our inability to taste and smell food and drink,” the book’s author, Professor Charles Spence, a lecturer at Oxford University, told the Business Insider.

“Because sound suppresses sweetness perception, you have to add about 15 to 20 per cent more sugar to the foods we eat while in the air to give the same taste perception.”

According to Prof Spence, there are other factors to explain why passengers could end up at the destination airport heavier than when they first board the plane.

“There is the boredom,” he told the Daily Telegraph in another interview. “With nothing else to do, food becomes an appealing distraction. And when it is being offered for free, it will be even harder to resist.”

Many plane passengers would surely have noticed other people on board badgering the stewardess for second helpings, from bread to desserts, and regular servings of both alcoholic drinks and fruit juices.

This is despite knowing that the air in an aircraft is very dry and, coupled with the diuretic effect of drinking alcohol, they may become dehydrated much faster than on the ground.

The amount of eating and drinking is also driven by the in-flight entertainment. “Another really big problem is the movie or television show you watch,” said Prof Spence. “It is not uncommon to find people eating as much as a third more food with the TV show on.”

The figures, at least for British travelers, are not likely to put anyone on cloud nine,

Prof Spence’s book cites research which suggests that the average Briton consumes nearly twice the recommended daily intake of calories while heading to their destinations.

“It has been estimated,” he wrote, “that the British consume more than 3,400 calories between their check-in at the airport and their arrival at their destination.”

But while some airlines try to offer healthier options, the relentless dogfight for business – amid rivalry with budget airlines and pressure to keep ticket costs competitive – means that many players cannot afford to fly the extra mile for nutritional value.

“More often than not, though, the airlines have opted to load the food they serve with even more sugar and salt, to enhance the flavour,” Prof Spence told the Daily Telegraph.

“No surprise, therefore, that the food served these days isn’t the healthiest.”

Travel experts have noticed another ploy adopted by airlines – roping in celebrity chefs to give their menus a touch of glamour. Prof Spence is not impressed, however.

“I have yet to see any evidence to support the claim that the chef’s interventions… actually led to a significant increase in passenger satisfaction,” he wrote.

On this, he is backed by noted chef Gordon Ramsay who rarely minces his words.

“I worked for airlines for 10 years, so I know where this food’s been and where it goes, and how long it took before it got on board,” he told the Refinery29 website recently.

Most meals are made between 12 and 72 hours ahead of the time that they are dished out on the plane.

Professor Peter Jones, former professor of travel catering from Surrey University, told the Daily Mail: “It can be kept in a chilled stage for five days under the internationally recognised food hygiene standards.”

Ramsay’s method to beat the inflight food blues? Going for a snack at an Italian bar in the airport before his flight.

Meanwhile, disgruntled plane passengers are fighting back. They have documented shocking examples of in-flight food, complete with photographs.

Postings in a website called Airlinemeals.net have gone viral with the hundreds of images which show what is served at more than 9,000m.

But all is not lost, at least for those who fly on Asian airlines.

Indeed, the site’s anonymous founder and webmaster, a 35- year-old graphic designer from Holland, praises Asian airlines for their menus.

“I would say airlines from Asia get the best results… Singapore Airlines, Japan Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Thai Airways International, Emirates… and from my own experiences, I would like to add Qatar Airways and Vietnam Airlines,” he said. “‘They’re all top notch.”

Foodie Update

FOODIE UPDATE (Kenya lags behind in exploiting potential in sea fishing)

The extent to which Kenya is yet to exploit its marine fishing potential is now clear, with the country being among the worst in Africa when it comes to sea fishing, a review of global fisheries data by Nation Newsplex shows.

Of the 38 African countries that have a coastline, only six landed a smaller catch of sea fish, crustaceans and molluscs than Kenya did in 2015.

According to data from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (Fao), Kenya landed a total of 8,496 tonnes from those three categories in 2015.

 

LEADING COUNTRIES

Even when the revised 2015 figure of 9,299 tonnes contained in the 2017 Economic Survey is included, Kenya’s ranking, which places it only ahead of Equatorial Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Eritrea, DRC, Djibouti and Sudan, does not improve.

The biggest sea fishing country in Africa was Morocco, which landed 1.35 million tonnes, 159 times more than Kenya’s catch.

It was followed by South Africa (564,000), Namibia (507,000), Angola (457,702), Senegal (393,867), Mauritania (388,776), Nigeria (372,457), Ghana (243,181) and Mozambique (193,567).

Together, these nine countries account for three quarters of all the marine fish, crustaceans and molluscs caught by African countries.

In East Africa, Tanzania caught 61,304 tonnes, which was more than six times Kenya’s catch of 8,496 tonnes in 2015, while Somalia, which has faced protracted instability, landed 29,800 tonnes of sea fish.

According to Fao, Kenya could catch up to 300,000 tonnes of fish from the Indian Ocean sustainably every year, about 30 times the current catch.

OVERFISHING

Although freshwater fish currently make up 93 per cent of Kenya’s total catch, recent years have seen declines in the amount of fish landed, partly due to the overfishing of some species.

For example, from 2012 to 2016, Kenya’s freshwater catch fell 18 per cent, from 145,150 tonnes to 119,550 tonnes.

Lake Victoria, the source of 75 per cent of Kenya’s fish, accounted for 98,666 tonnes in 2016, a 10 per cent drop from the year before and a 31 per cent increase from the 143,908 tonnes landed in 2006.

Lake Turkana is the second largest single source of freshwater fish in Kenya.

However, its catch has dropped 58 per cent from 2009, when 9,445 tonnes were captured to 2016, when only 3,693 tonnes of fish were landed.

Although catches at man-made fish farms surged by almost 400 per cent to 24,000 tonnes from 2009 to 2014, they then fell by nearly 38 per cent to 14,952 tonnes in 2016.

Increasing imports of freshwater fish, particularly from China, show that local fisheries may not be adequate for the country’s needs.

Increasingly, Kenyans have seen Chinese fish on local supermarket shelves.

ILLEGAL FISHING

From 2014 to 2015, imports of fish from China grew 60.2 per cent from Sh624.1 million to Sh1.02 billion according to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS).

As it races to increase its bounty from the sea, Kenya faces challenges from foreign fleets that fish far from their home countries.

In 2014, President Kenyatta said that Kenya loses Sh10 billion from illegal fishing in its exclusive economic zone.

According to research carried out by the University of British Columbia in Canada, the largest country fishing in African sea waters is China, which in 2011 had a catch of 3.1 million tonnes a year.

African waters constitute the largest distant water source of fish to China, more than Asia, where China landed one million tonnes, Oceania (980,000 tonnes), Central and South America (182,000 tonnes) and Antarctica (48,000 tonnes) the same year.

 

ARTISANAL FISHING

Earlier this year, the New York Times reported that China has a distant-water fleet of at least 2,600 boats, the largest search fleet in the world, and 10 times the United States’ own distant water fleet. Kenya has only one.

Fishermen in Kenya’s Indian Ocean coasts are ill equipped to respond to the fisheries from overseas.

Fao statistics from 2014 show that a total of 2,913 fishing craft were used actively in marine fishing, of which nearly half (47 per cent) were dugout canoes.

Dhows that are flat at one end made up 22 per cent. Other crafts included hori (11 per cent), Dau (9 per cent), ngalawa (6 per cent), mtori (3 per cent) and rafts (1 per cent).

 

FISHING ZONES
China is the world’s largest marine fishing nation, and landed 15,314,000 tonnes of fish in 2015, according to official Fao figures.

That accounted for 19 per cent, or nearly one in five of all the fish caught worldwide that year.

China caught more than double the next largest fishing country, which was Indonesia, at six million tonnes.

The United States, Peru and the Russian Federation round out the top five marine fishing countries in the world.

For purposes of statistical analysis, Fao divides the world’s seas into zones called fishing areas.

 

OFFSHORE PATROL

Kenya’s fishery is located in the Western Indian Ocean fishing area, which landed 4.66 million tonnes of fish in 2015.

However, much of that fish did not go to African countries.

For example, Kenya, which landed 9,929 tonnes according to revised data, and Tanzania which landed 61,304 tonnes, together constituted only 1.5 per cent of the total in the entire western Indian Ocean fishing area.

In the 2017-2018 budget, the government allocated Sh400 million for the development of designated ports where deep water vessels can land their catch, and the commissioning of an offshore patrol boat to deter illegal fishing.

According to a report by the National Treasury, the government also plans to create the Kenya Fisheries Service.

Mombasa County has also begun a boat construction programme through which it aims to construct 14 10-tonne boats for deep sea fishing.

According to an April 12 2017 report by Baraka FM, the first boat, MV Mombasa 001, had landed 6.1 tonnes of fish from eight voyages since its maiden voyage on November 24.

Dessert, Food, Snacks

RICH CHOCOLATE PUDDING

What do we mean by the word chocolate pudding?

When we call the name chocolate puddings it simply means, a class of dessert with chocolate flavors. There are basically two types of chocolate puddings.
1. Boiled and Chilled Dessert version. Has the texture of a starch and custard, and it is mostly eaten in Canada, South-East, U.S and in Sweden.
2. Steamed/Baked version. This has a texture of a cake and it is popular in the U.K, New Zealand and Australia.
Chocolate pudding is a relatively light dessert in comparison to others.
Chocolate puddings are usually made with milk, sugar, flavored with vanilla and chocolate. It is thickened with corn starch or flour. But most people prefer using egg in making their chocolate puddings. Let me show us how to make this dessert without add egg to it.
Here is a creamy dessert that tastes sweet on the lips but it won’t cling to your hips. Lol! For a slimmer pudding, replace the low-fat milk with slim-milk. You can as well replace the sugar with honey.
NUTRITIONAL FACTS:
Calories 192
Calories from fat 6.2g (29%)
Total fat 129
Saturated fat 3.7g (26%)

RECIPES
i. 6 strawberries for garnishing (optional) 2 cups low fat milk (1%)
ii. 2 tablespoon of sugar or honey
iii. 1 tablespoon corn starch
iv. 1 tablespoon cocoa
v. 1 teaspoon vanilla
vi. 1 square (1ounce) semi sweet chocolate (finely chopped)
vii. 1 banana for garnishing (optional)
viii.
ix. 1 cup non-fat whipped topping for garnishing (optional)

PROCEDURES
1. In a medium clean sauce pan, whisk together the milk, sugar or honey, corn starch and cocoa until the blend well. Then whisk over medium heat until the mixture comes to a boil.
2. Get the sauce pan off the heat, stir in the chocolate, over a low heat slowly bring the mixture to boil. Stir continuously and allow it to boil for 2 minutes before adding the vanilla. Stir again.
3. Spoon in the puddings into four 6 ounce dessert glasses or custard cups, cover it with a plastic wrap (be sure that the plastic touches the surface of the pudding to prevent a skin from forming).
4. Refrigerate it for at least 1-2 hours or until it becomes well chilled, then serve it.
To enjoy this dessert, you need to serve it well garnished with banana, whipped topping and strawberries (though it is your choice to choose what to serve or garnish it with).

N/B:   SERVINGS PER RECIPE: 4